Here are the banks that failed European Union stress tests that project how their finances would fare in another recession. Banks were required to show they could maintain high-quality capital reserves equal to 5 percent of their outstanding loans, investments and other risky assets.
Those that almost failed had between 5 percent and 6 percent.
The banks that failed have been asked by European banking regulators to strengthen their finances "promptly."
—Oesterreichische Volksbank AG
—Helaba (withdrew from tests after dispute over capital definition with EBA, but would not have passed under EBA ruling)
—Caja de Ahorros de Mediterraneo
—Banco Pastor SA
—Marfin Popular Bank
—TT Hellenic Postbank
—Banco Popolare SC
—Banco Comercial Portugues
—Espirito Santo Financial Group
—Nova Ljubljanska Banka DD
—Banco de Sabadell SA
—Banco Popular Espanol SA
—Caixa de Aforros de Galicia, Vigo, Ourense e Pontevedra
—Grupo Banca Civica
—Caja de Ahorros y M.P. de Ontinyent