Congress Takes Aim at Unhealthy School Lunches
The legislation approved by the Senate Agriculture Committee would allow the Agriculture Department to create uniform standards for all foods in schools, including vending machine items, to give students healthier meal options. The legislation allocates an additional $4.5 billion over 10 years for nutrition programs.
It would also expand the number of low-income children eligible for free or reduced cost meals, a step Democrats say would help toward President Barack Obama's stated goal of ending childhood hunger by 2015.
The bill, which public health advocates have been pushing for almost a decade, has unprecedented support from many of the nation's largest food and beverage companies, including Mars Inc. and PepsiCo. The two sides came together on the issue as a heightened interest in nutrition has made it difficult for anyone - especially the companies themselves - to push junk foods in schools.
Still, congressional action is only the first step. Many of the most difficult decisions - including what kinds of foods will be sold and how much - will be left up to the Agriculture Department.
When New York Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand offered an amendment to ban trans fats from schools, for example, Agriculture Committee Chairwoman Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark., said Congress should let the executive branch tackle that issue.
"We provide the broad outline and the department is going to fill in those details," she said. "Once we open the door to trying to dictate trans fats, we are opening the door to try and micromanage other things."
Gillibrand withdrew her amendment and said she would try again on the Senate floor.
The bill would provide a 6 cent increase in reimbursements to schools for free and low-cost lunches, the first increase in the reimbursement rate for the school lunch program since 1973, according to committee chair Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark.
Critics have said the bill does not provide enough money to schools to provide healthy lunches to every child that needs one. Gillibrand, a Democrat, said the legislation should provide $4 billion a year instead of over 10 years.
"We have a long way to go from 6 cents to 70 cents we need," Gillibrand said of the increase.
Lincoln said she will look for additional dollars but believes the legislation is realistic in a tight fiscal environment.
"This bill is a very good start," she said.
The legislation would also provide money for farm to school programs, encouraging schools to buy foods from local farms and grow food gardens on campus. It would be partly paid for by reducing subsidies paid to farmers for using environmentally friendly farming practices.
The issue has been partly pushed along by first lady Michelle Obama's campaign to reduce childhood obesity. The administration proposed more than twice as much for the legislation, however, asking Congress for $10 billion over ten years for nutrition programs.
The House has not yet acted.