ISM Says Service Sector Growth Slows in June
The Institute for Supply Management, a trade group of purchasing executives, said its index tracking service-oriented companies slid to 53.8 last month from 55.4 in May - the highest point since the recovery began.
A reading above 50 indicates expansion. June's reading is well above the 37.2 low in November 2008. But it's still below the pre-recession high of 67.7 in 2004.
The index was broadened in January 2008 to consider four areas of information: business activity, employment, supplier deliveries and new orders. Before that, it only looked at business activity.
A robust service sector, which accounts for about 80 percent of U.S. employment, is crucial to keeping the economy expanding and adding jobs. Service-oriented jobs include those in hospitals, shops, restaurants, airlines, schools, banks and consulting firms, among others.
These businesses mainly depend on shoppers' spending for revenue. Consumers have increased purchases only moderately, about 2 to 3 percent in the second quarter, said research firm Capital Economics. High unemployment, a still-rocky housing sector and volatile stock markets are weighing on people's desire to spend.
ISM also says hiring plans dipped in June after growing in May for the first time in 28 months.
The employment index dropped 49.7 last month from 50.4 in May. The sluggish rebound in hiring plans of service companies mirrors the slow pace of private-sector hiring seen in the government's jobs report. Companies added only 83,000 jobs in June, much fewer than the 200,000 new jobs needed each month to bring down the unemployment rate.
Of the 18 industries surveyed, 15 said they were growing. They were led by real estate and arts and entertainment. The finance and insurance sector and "other services," a collection of smaller industries, said they were shrinking; educational services grew at the same pace in June.