Two Men Plead Guilty to Spying for Iran on Targets in U.S.

By Patrick Goodenough | November 7, 2019 | 4:36am EST
Demonstrators protest against Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, near the U.N. headquarters in New York in Sept. 2017. (Photo by Jewel Samad/AFP via Getty Images)
Demonstrators protest against Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, near the U.N. headquarters in New York in Sept. 2017. (Photo by Jewel Samad/AFP via Getty Images)

(Adds MEK reaction)

( – Two men accused of spying on Iranian dissidents in the United States have pleaded guilty in a Washington court to various charges, in a case that offered glimpses of attempts by the regime in Tehran to track – and possibly target – its exiled enemies.

According to documents attached to the complaint, one of the two was covertly recorded telling the other that a “senator” who participated in a September 2017 National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)/Mujahideen-e Khalq (MEK) event in New York should be shot.

“He is one of those motherf—ing Jews,” an FBI special agent’s affidavit quoted Majid Ghorbani, an Iranian resident of California, as telling Ahmadreza Mohammadi-Doostdar, a dual Iranian-U.S. citizen, during a conversation in a car, monitored by “court-authorized electronic surveillance.”

“I swear, motherf—er needs one-one shot,” it quoted Ghorbani as saying. “Doostdar laughed throughout this exchange,” the affidavit added.

On Wednesday, the Justice Department said Doostdar, 39, had pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy and one count of acting as an undeclared agent of the Iranian government, and Ghorbani, 60, had pleaded guilty to one count of violating legislation relating to U.S. sanctions and transactions with Iran.

They will be sentenced in December and January, and face possible penalties of up to 15 years’ and up to 20 years’ imprisonment, respectively.

The September 2017 event was the first reconnoitered by Ghorbani at the instigation of Doostdar – who according to the Justice Department traveled from Iran to the U.S. three times to recruit and then run his agent.

Ghorbani attended and compiled information on attendees at a second event, in Washington the following May. (Participants on that occasion included former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani.)

Ghorbani was paid $2,000 for obtaining photos and biographical information to be relayed back to Iran via Doostdar. Doostdar admitted the money had come from his Iranian government “handler.”

During the first of Doostdar’s three visits to the U.S., he allegedly also covertly photographed two Jewish institutions in Chicago, according to the FBI agent’s affidavit.

An earlier Justice Department statement said Doostdar had traveled to the U.S. “to collect intelligence information about entities and individuals considered by the government of Iran to be enemies of that regime, including Israeli and Jewish interests, and individuals associated with the MEK, a group that advocates the overthrow of the current Iranian government.”

The affidavit said the surveillance had taken place “for the purpose of enabling the government of Iran to target these groups.” The agent said an operation of that kind “could enable a neutralization plan, which may include apprehension, recruitment, cyber exploitation, or capture/kill operations.”

“Under oath, Ghorbani admitted to attending the September 2017 MEK rally and to photographing and gathering information on rally attendees to provide to Doostdar and ultimately to individuals in Iran,” the department said.

‘Committed to holding accountable governments like Iran’

The senator discussed in the monitored conversation was not identified in the affidavit, but on the day concerned, September 20, a “Free Iran” rally protesting Iranian President Hassan Rouhani’s presence at the U.N. was addressed by former Democratic Sen. Joe Lieberman, an outspoken critic of the regime.

(Other speakers included John Bolton, who would later become National Security Advisor to President Trump, and New York Democrat Rep. Eliot Engel.)

“The defendants both have admitted to conducting surveillance and collecting identifying information for the government of Iran about Americans, and in particular, individuals who were exercising their First Amendment rights to oppose the Iranian government,” Assistant Attorney General for National Security John Demers said in Wednesday’s statement. “The Department of Justice is committed to holding accountable governments like Iran that would threaten and intimidate Americans who criticize them.”

The Iranian government thought it could get away with conducting surveillance on individuals in the United States by sending one of its agents here to task a permanent resident with conducting and collecting that surveillance,” said Jessie Liu, U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia.

According to court documents, Ghorbani entered the U.S. in 1995 to join his parents and siblings who had moved to California, and became a legal permanent resident in 2015.

Doostdar was born in California but left the U.S. at the age of two, moving to Canada and then to Iran.

In reaction to the guilty pleas Shahin Gobadi, a Paris-based MEK spokesman, said the Iranian regime’s terrorism “recognizes no boundaries, whether in Europe or in the U.S., threatening the security of both continents.”

“The critical situation at home and Tehran’s increasing regional isolation have only exacerbated the mullahs’ need to resort to terrorism against its opponents,” he said.

Gobadi said the regime’s embassies “are the epicenter of assassination and terror plots,” pointing to foiled plots to bomb an NCRI/MEK Free Iran rally in Paris in June 2018, and an MEK gathering in Albania three months earlier.

“It is time for the world community, particularly Europe, to hold the mullahs accountable for their terrorism,” he said. “It must shut down Tehran’s embassies and expel its agents and operatives from European soil to prevent such terrorist schemes in Europe and the U.S.”


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