According to the new Facts & Figures report from the Tax Foundation, Americans in the top 10% of income earners paid 70.6% of federal income taxes and people in the bottom 50% of income earners paid 2.8% of federal income taxes. (This was for calendar year 2015, the latest with complete data available.)
The data show that all taxpayers in 2015 paid $1,454,325,000,000 in federal income taxes. The top 5% paid $866,447,000,000 in federal income taxes. The top 10% paid $1,026,601,000,000.
The top 50% of income earners paid $1, 413,200,000,000 in federal income taxes. That amounts to 97.2% of all the income taxes collected.
For contrast, the bottom 50% of income earners paid $41,125,000,000 in income taxes, a little over $41 billion. That amounts to 2.8% of the federal income taxes collected.
The top 1% of income earners paid the highest average income tax rate at 27.1%, according to the Tax Foundation. The bottom 50% of earners had the lowest average tax rate on income, 3.6%.